What makes listening difficult? Factors affecting second language listening comprehension
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK
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To establish what is currently known about factors that affect foreign language listening comprehension, with a focus on characteristics of the listener, passage, and testing conditions. Research on second language L2 listening comprehension strongly supports the importance of a number of factors, for example, a listener s working memory capacity and the number of ideas in a passage. Much of the research, however, reports weak or inconclusive results, leaving many factors and complex interactions among factors unresolved and in need of further investigation. Identifying the factors that affect L2 listening comprehension will help Defense Language Institute Proficiency Test DLPT designers anticipate how qualities of selected authentic materials will impact listening comprehension.