Accession Number:

ADA547788

Title:

Self-Propelled Semi-Submersibles: The Next Great Threat to Regional Security and Stability

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2011-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

85.0

Abstract:

The most effective and fastest-evolving delivery system for cocaine to move from its place of production in Colombia to the United States market has undoubtedly become the Self-Propelled Semi-Submersible SPSS. Often called drug subs or narco submarines, SPSSs are used to transport cocaine from Colombias Pacific coast into Central America and Mexico, then overland to the United States. This thesis begins with an examination of the evolution of the illegal narcotics trade in Colombia since the 1990s. It examines the actions of United States government USG and Government of Colombia GOC to counter the production and transportation of illegal drugs through fumigation, manual eradication, air-bridge denial and maritime interdiction strategies. The success of these strategies has caused Drug Trafficking Organizations DTOs to develop and launch SPSSs, and now self-propelled fully submersibles SPFSs. The increasing sophistication and range of the SPSSSPFS have given rise to at least two fears first, that cocaine may be transported straight onto U.S. shores by boats that are practically impossible to detect. Second, that a terrorist group will use SPSSSPFS to transport Weapons of Mass Destruction WMDs into the United States and other nations.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Submarine Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE