Smoking in the United States Air Force: Trends, Most Prevalent Diseases and their Association with Cost
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This research focuses on the smoking rates among the Active Duty Air Force ADAF personnel and the association of smoking and cost of hospitalization because of diseases related to smoking. The analysis of the data taken from the Air Force Web HA questionnaire provides information about the relationship between the smoking rates of the ADAF personnel and specific socio-demographic characteristics. The analysis of a second dataset associated with the cost of hospitalization, provides a list with the most prevalent diseases related to smoking with the highest cost. Moreover, a Regression Analysis tries to explore potential predictors that could anticipate the cost of the most prevalent diseases related to smoking. The Contingency Analysis showed that smoking in the U.S. Air Force is more prevalent among the enlisted, males, and the younger age groups. The Pivot Table Analysis demonstrated that ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease present the highest cost. In addition, the enlisted personnel exhibit higher total cost compared to the officers, but the situation is reversed when referring to the average cost. Furthermore, while smoking is more prevalent among the younger age groups, the cost consequences of smoking are more intense in the older age groups. The Regression Analysis exhibited that the variables, related to socio-demographic characteristics, that explain better the cost of hospitalization are the age group of 45- 60, the enlisted personnel, and all the pay ranks of the officers, while the diseases that affect more the cost of hospitalization are ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, malignant neoplasms of the urinary bladder, and other arterial diseases.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations