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Perchlorate and Halogen-Free High Energy Dense Oxidizers (HEDO)
DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING ARLINGTON VA STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
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Several new CHNO compounds with a positive oxygen balance were synthesized and fully characterized. In addition poorly described and characterized compounds from literature proceedings were repeated, fully characterized and evaluated whether they can be used as oxidizer. Most of the derivatives described in this report are based on the trinitromethyl moiety. Full characterization includes X-ray diffraction, multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, vibrational IR and Raman spectroscopy, elemental analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Sensitivities towards impact, friction and electrostatic discharge were measured by BAM methods and a small-scale electrostatic discharge device. Heats of formations were computed by the atomization method CBS-4M enthalpy based. With these values and the X-ray densities several combustion and detonation parameters were calculated from pure and composited oxidizers. The specific impulses have been compared to this of an ammonium perchlorate aluminum mixture.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE