Haiti's Downward Spiral: Causes, Consequences, and the Way Ahead
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
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At the onset of research, this paper set out to explore the causes and consequences of Haiti as a failed state and then discuss initiatives and opportunities for further SOUTHCOM engagement. Upon concluding research, it appears that what Haiti requires is beyond the capacity of a U.S. geographic combatant command. This paper contends that although SOUTHCOM efforts toward Haitis short and long term recovery have made a positive impact, it is time to hand off some of the responsibilities to regional partners and the United Nations. Current initiatives such as Tradewinds, Fuerzas Comando, and Continuing Promise have been effective, but when considering the scope and scale of what Haiti requires, SOUTHCOM efforts are merely scratching the surface. By relinquishing some of their responsibilities in Haiti, SOUTHCOM can focus their efforts toward a state, or states, that havent already failed. Haiti is a failed state and if it werent for the influx of billions of dollars in foreign aid, Haiti would most likely be closer to the top of the Failed States Index than her current position at number 11. SOUTHCOM should continue to provide assistance to Haiti in the event of natural disasters, but any other discretionary resources should be directed toward the northern triangle of Central America Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. Known as the cocaine corridor to the United States via Mexico, these states are an increasing concern for U.S. national security and therefore deserve SOUTHCOMs full attention.
- Military Intelligence