Why Thailand's Military Stepped In
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis is a comparison of the military coups d tat that occurred in Thailand in 1991 and 2006. The thesis explores how Thailands military acts as a political army and determines the combination of factors necessary for the military to step into the political system. A historic narrative from the kingdoms ancient beginnings, through the 1932 coup d tat that overthrew the absolute monarchy, to the 1980s established the founding principles of the military and its historical role in politics, both of which contribute to the values and identity of Thailands military as an institution. The comparison of the pre-coup periods to the events that lead directly to the coup reveal a common set of factors necessary for the military to stage a successful coup. Specifically, these factors include political stalemate, affronts to values, and direct threats to interests. Additionally, the two cases demonstrate how Thailands military is compelled to act as a political army due to the birthright principle, civilian incompetence, and military competence. The thesis concludes with some recommendations for the United States in its relationship with Thailand with the better understanding of why these coups occur.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics