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Biology and Ecology of Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Middle East, with Special Emphasis on Phlebotomus Papatasi and Phlebotomus Alexandri
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD F EDWARD HEBERT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
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The overall goal of the research presented here is to further the understanding of sand fly biology and ecology in the Middle East region. In order to accomplish this goal, four studies were developed. The first study examined the effect of climate on sand fly activity. Sand fly collection and meteorological data from Tallil, Iraq from 2003 - 2004 were used in this multivariate analysis. Moon illumination, wind speed, and percent sky cover were inversely related to collections. Temperature was positively correlated. Sand fly activity at Tallil was greatest on warm, clear nights with low wind speed.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE