Accession Number:

ADA540669

Title:

Studies in Intelligence. Volume 55, Number 1, March 2011

Descriptive Note:

Journal

Corporate Author:

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF INTELLIGENCE

Report Date:

2011-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

51.0

Abstract:

Soon after the coup in February 1948 that brought the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia CPC into power, the government granted the security services -- civilian and military -- unlimited freedom of action against any target, with no regard for the rule of law. The StB Statni bezpecnost, the civilian state security apparatus was especially cunning in adapting and combining the techniques of Nazi Germanys Gestapo and the Soviet Unions special services in the struggle against the StBs primary targets Americans and their Czech associates. The StB embraced the view of its Soviet teachers that its mission was not merely to identify and neutralize existing opponents to the new order through routine investigative methods. Instead, the StB adopted a more proactive method It created fictitious resistance organizations, dangled them as bait, and waited for potential new resisters -- in addition to those already active -- to be drawn to them. Soviet special services introduced this approach to counterintelligence in postwar Eastern Europe with frightening success. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Wolnosci Niezawislosc WiN -- a Soviet and Polish Communist security joint operation -- identified an underground organization, took it over, built it up, and used it to gain significant US, British, and Polish support. They ran this fictitious scheme to discourage domestic resistance and to gain Western cash and intelligence technology. The ruse ended in December 1952, when the communists publicly declared themselves to be the creators and managers of WiN.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Intelligence

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE