Assessing the Army Power and Energy Efforts for the Warfighter
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
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Armies are dependent on power and energy. When these resources for any reason are not available on the front lines, everything is affected. The importance of petroleum-based liquid fuels in warfare became evident in 1892 when Rudolph Diesel developed his fourcycle spark ignition engine.1 By 1909 the French had switched from coal to oil-fired ships. Japans inability to obtain sufficient petroleum to supply their war machine was one of the major reasons for their need to expand their dominion to include sources of petroleum. The logistics of warfare in World War II were a controlling factor in critical times. For example, in the European theater General Pattons Third Army, on its dash to Germany, ground to a halt when it ran out of fuel. Similar shortages affected the Germans in the latter stages of the war, especially during the Battle of the Bulge. Fuel supply remains a challenge to logisticians in todays conflicts.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics