The Need for a Continuously Updated Department of Defense Environmental Satellite Requirements Document
AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL
Pagination or Media Count:
Air Force Weather AFW, and its Navy equivalent, the Commander Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command CNMOC, are tasked with characterizing the current and future state of the environment in all warfighting domains. In order to do this, they employ a wide range of in situ and remotely-sensed observations of the atmosphere, space environment, and land and ocean surfaces. Weather satellites of several types operated by the Departments of Defense DoD and Commerce DOC, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA, and several foreign governments are a key platform for collection of remotely-sensed environmental data. AFW and CNMOC consume a wide range of observational data types from this extensive array of weather satellites. Several factors occurring now and in the near future will change the manner in which the DoD meteorology and oceanography METOC community consumes environmental satellite data, though. These factors should prompt DoD to update its environmental satellite data requirements. Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum 154-86 from 1986 and the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPOESS Integrated Operational Requirements Document IORD II from 2001 are the current benchmark satellite requirements documents and both offer several instructive lessons upon which to build. This paper examines the need for, and proposes some key considerations of, creating an updated statement of the DoD METOC communitys environmental satellite requirements.
- Unmanned Spacecraft