Spatial Control of Crystal Texture by Laser DMD Process
MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR
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Turbine blades with controlled textures such as directionally solidified and single crystal structures have proven to have much improved ductility and longer thermal and fatigue life. It has been further reported that the benefits of single-crystal over conventionally cast as well as directionally solidified components critically depend on avoiding the introduction of defects, such as stray grains, freckles, or deviations from the required crystal orientation. Laser-based direct metal deposition DMD process equipped with proper sensors and NC devices helps in overcoming those hurdles to fabricate the blades with controlled texture. It appears that thermal control to provide uniform heat flow as well as spatial control of crystal texture by process feedback control is essential. The paper discusses about how to establish process conditions and thermal control requirements, development of a laboratory scale DMD process for spatial control of crystal texture, and mechanical properties of texture-controlled Ni-based superalloy turbine blade components.
- Lasers and Masers
- Fabrication Metallurgy
- Hydraulic and Pneumatic Equipment
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems