Accession Number:

ADA537736

Title:

Inverse Problems in Hydrologic Radiative Transfer

Descriptive Note:

Annual rept.

Corporate Author:

MIAMI UNIV CORAL GABLES FL DEPT OF PHYSICS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1998-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

5.0

Abstract:

The long-term scientific goal of my research is to better understand the distribution of phytoplankton in the worlds oceans through remote sensing their influence on the optical properties of the water. Optically, phytoplankton reveal their presence through their influence on the inherent optical properties IOPs of the water. The main effect of phytoplankton is to increase the absorption of light by virtue of the strong absorption by their photosynthetic chlorophyll a and accessory pigments. A secondary effect is to increase the backscattering coefficient of the medium in a manner that depends on the concentration of pigments. Although techniques for measuring the absorption coefficient directly e.g., in-situ AC9 measurements or in-vitro filterpad absorption are becoming accepted by the scientific community, laboratory techniques for measuring backscattering are tedious and subject to error, and in-situ techniques for backscattering are in their infancy. In addition, in most in-situ measurements the volume of medium that is sampled is small and may not be representative of the whole water body, even in a homogeneous medium. Thus, in the past, there has been considerable effort devoted toward indirectly inferring these IOPs by virtue of their affect on the apparent optical properties AOPs, e.g., the diffuse reflectance of the water the color of the water or the downwelling irradiance attenuation coefficient. These AOPs are perhaps the most frequently measured quantities in hydrologic optics. Clearly, interpretation of such observations requires a detailed understanding of the influence of phytoplankton on the IOPs, and their link to the AOPs.

Subject Categories:

  • Biology
  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Theoretical Mathematics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE