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Afghanistan Security: Afghan Army Growing, but Additional Trainers Needed; Long-term Costs Not Determined

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Congressional research rept.

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Developing capable Afghan National Army ANA forces is a key element of the U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO-led coalition effort to counter the insurgency and create sustainable security in Afghanistan. Since 2002, the United States, with assistance from NATO and other coalition nations, has worked to develop the ANA. The Department of Defense DOD leads U.S. efforts to train and equip the ANA. U.S. agencies have allocated about 20 billion in support of the ANA since 2002 and have requested 7.5 billion more for fiscal year 2011. GAO examined 1 the extent of progress made and challenges faced in expanding the size of the ANA, 2 the extent of progress made and challenges faced in developing ANA capability, and 3 how much estimated future funding will be needed to sustain and further grow the ANA. GAO reviewed DOD and NATO documents and met with officials in Washington, D.C. Tampa, FL Brussels, Belgium and Kabul, Afghanistan. What GAO Recommends GAO recommends that the Secretary of Defense, in conjunction with international partners, take steps to eliminate the shortage of trainers clarify what ANA growth beyond the current end goal, if any, is needed and develop estimates of the future funding needed to further grow and sustain the ANA. DOD concurred with GAOs recommendation regarding trainers. DOD partially concurred with the need to develop growth and cost estimates for the ANA.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

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