Chemical Facility Security: Reauthorization, Policy Issues, and Options for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Department of Homeland Security DHS has statutory authority to regulate chemical facilities for security purposes. This authority expires in December 2010. The 111th Congress is taking action to reauthorize this program, but the scope and details of its reauthorization remain an issue of congressional debate. Some members of Congress support an extension, either short or long term, of the existing authority. Other members call for revision and more extensive codification of chemical facility security regulatory provisions. The tension between continuing and changing the statutory authority is exacerbated by questions regarding the current laws effectiveness in reducing chemical facility risk and the sufficiency of federal funding for chemical facility security. Key policy issues debated in previous Congresses contribute to the reauthorization debate. These issues include the universe of facilities that should be considered as chemical facilities the appropriateness and scope of federal preemption of state chemical facility security activities the availability of information for public comment, potential litigation, and congressional oversight and the role of inherently safer technologies.
- Civil Defense
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies