Using Adult Mosquitoes to Transfer Insecticides to Aedes Aegypti Larval Habitats
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST DETACHMENT LIMA (PERU)
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Vector control is a key means of combating mosquito-borne diseases and the only tool available for tackling the transmission of dengue, a disease for which no vaccine, prophylaxis, or therapeutant currently exists. The most effective mosquito control methods include a variety of insecticidal tools that target adults or juveniles. Their successful implementation depends on impacting the largest proportion of the vector population possible. We demonstrate a control strategy that dramatically improves the efficiency with which high coverage of aquatic mosquito habitats can be achieved. The method exploits adult mosquitoes as vehicles of insecticide transfer by harnessing their fundamental behaviors to disseminate a juvenile hormone analogue JHA between resting and oviposition sites. A series of field trials undertaken in an Amazon city Iquitos, Peru showed that the placement of JHA dissemination stations in just 3-5 of the available resting area resulted in almost complete coverage of sentinel aquatic habitats. More than control mortality occurred in 95-100 of the larval cohorts of Aedes aegypti developing at those sites. Overall reductions in adult emergence of 42-98 were achieved during the trials. A deterministic simulation model predicts amplifications in coverage consistent with our observations and highlights the importance of the residual activity of the insecticide for this technique.
- Agricultural Chemistry
- Medicine and Medical Research