Reframing Complex Environments for Improved Analysis
CORNELL UNIV ITHACA NY
Pagination or Media Count:
PARTICIPATION The cost of an asset-based approach is the increased participation of stakeholders in all aspects of assessment, planning and evaluation. Sustainability is one by-product of resilience. We can only understand resilience through an asset-based approach We cannot be aware of assets without participation. Participation must be genuine. Marginal or purely rhetorical participation can be used to justify the desires or assumptions of the giver or manipulate the recipient without the risks associated with participatory input of substance. Participation The New Tyranny Cooke and Kothari 2001 The absence of comprehensive participatory inputs of substance ensures outcomes somewhere between failure and limited success. Participation is rule based. Different stakeholders interests are different, and their input is of varying value at different times both on the calendar and relative to the assessment and planning process and relative to different topical arenas. Assessors and planners must necessarily make judgments about who will participate, when, how much, through what vehicle, and to what, but... ...better to err on the side of too much participation rather than too little.
- Operations Research