Forging an Arctic Alliance: Canadian-U.S. JIATF-Arctic
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
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An ice-free Northwest Passage in the summer of 2007 signaled the next chapter in North American continental defense and security. Long protected by a formidable, icy environment along the high northern approach, the effects of climate change opening an Arctic maritime domain require U.S. and Canadian leadership to re-evaluate theater command and control to mitigate the growing space-force imbalance. Shared interests, limited resources, and a strong history of bi-lateral security cooperation provide the foundation for establishing a combined Canadian-U.S. Joint Interagency Task Force Arctic CJIATF-A to meet new national strategic objectives in the Arctic. This paper examines the operational factors supporting the creation of a bi-national combined interagency task force, develops a notional command and control organization to achieve unity of command and unity of effort. While arguments against formation of a bi-national Arctic command are considered, this paper concludes that a combined Joint Interagency Task Force Arctic CJIATF-A under NORAD with alternating leadership, will best enable a COCOM to address the complexities of the changing Arctic region to promote responsible growth, regional stability, and continental security.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics