Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Navy for several years has carried out a variety of irregular warfare IW and counterterrorism CT activities, and has taken some steps in recent years to strengthen its ability to conduct such activities. Among the most readily visible of the Navys current IW operations are those being carried out by Navy sailors serving ashore in Iraq and Afghanistan. Many of the Navys contributions to IW operations around the world are made by Navy individual augmentees IAs--individual Navy sailors assigned to various DOD operations. The Navy Expeditionary Combat Command NECC was established informally in October 2005 and formally on January 13, 2006. The creation of NECC consolidated and facilitated the expansion of a number of Navy organizations that have a role in IW operations. The Navys riverine force is intended to supplement the riverine capabilities of the Navys SEALs the Navys Sea-Air-Land special operations forces and relieve Marines who had been conducting maritime security operations in ports and waterways in Iraq. The three current riverine squadrons were established in 2006-2007. The Navys proposed FY2011 budget requests funding for the establishment of a new reserve component riverine training squadron that is to complement the three existing active component riverine squadrons. The fourth riverine squadron is intended to increase the riverine capacity to conduct brown water training and partnership activities in order to meet combatant commander COCOM demands. The Navy in July 2008 established the Navy Irregular Warfare Office, which works closely with U.S. Special Operations Command, and in July 2010 published a vision statement for irregular warfare. The Global Maritime Partnership is a U.S. Navy initiative to achieve an enhanced degree of cooperation between the U.S. Navy and foreign navies, coast guards, and maritime police forces, for the purpose of ensuring global maritime security against common threats.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Unconventional Warfare