AFRICOM's Role in Interagency Counterterrorism Efforts: An Assessment in 3D
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
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In its two years of operation, the U.S. Africa Command AFRICOM has pioneered an innovative interagency strategy to address the continents challenges, with DOD representing the third pillar of an integrated 3D - diplomacy, development, and defense - approach. AFRICOMs whole-of-government commitment is most evident in counterterrorism CT initiatives conducted by the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa CJTF-HOA in the continents east and the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership TSCTP in the northwest. This paper evaluates the implementation of these two programs and argues that, while both represent tactical successes of program execution and service provision, their contribution to the achievement of U.S. government strategic objectives in the CT realm remains less apparent. The author argues that this strategic shortfall is due to a combination of factors, including an unclear delineation of DOD responsibilities within the 3D construct and shortcomings in interagency program management. Based upon the research presented, the author provides programmatic and structural recommendations to improve these and subsequent AFRICOM initiatives.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics