A Prospective Study of Acute Diarrhea in a Cohort of United States Military Personnel on Deployment to the Multinational Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH UNIT NO 3 CAIRO (EGYPT) DEPT OF MEDICAL ZOOLOGY
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To better understand the epidemiology of diarrhea in deployed personnel to the Middle East, a prospective cohort study of travelers diarrhea TD was conducted between May 2004 and January 2005 at the Multinational Force and Observers MFO camp in the southern Sinai. A baseline entry questionnaire and stool specimen was provided on study entry, and volunteers were followed every 6 weeks. Of 211 volunteers, 145 68.7 completed one or more followup visits. In total, 416 follow-up surveys were completed, which described an overall incidence of 25.2 episodes per 100 person months 95 confidence interval 21.2-30.0. Additionally, stools were collected in 72 of 77 diarrhea-associated clinic visits, with bacterial pathogens most commonly isolated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in 30 42 samples and Campylobacter jejuni in 7 10 samples Despite modern preventive methods, diarrhea is still a common problem for deployed US military personnel in Egypt, frequently resulting in diminished ability to work.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Forces and Organizations