Three-dimensional FLASH Laser Radar Range Estimation via Blind Deconvolution
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
Pagination or Media Count:
Three dimensional 3D FLASH Laser Radar LADAR sensors are unique due to the ability to rapidly acquire a series of two dimensional remote scene data i.e. range images. Principal causes of 3D FLASH LADAR range estimation error include spatial blur, detector blurring, noise, timing jitter, and inter-sample targets. Unlike previous research, this paper accounts for pixel coupling by defining the range image mathematical model as a 2D convolution between the system spatial impulse response and the object target or remote scene at a particular point in time. Using this model, improved range estimation is possible by object restoration from the data observations. Object estimation is performed by deriving a blind deconvolution Generalized Expectation Maximization GEM algorithm with the range determined from the estimated object by a normalized correlation method. Theoretical derivations and simulation results are verified with experimental data of a bar target taken from a 3D FLASH LADAR system in a laboratory environment. Simulation examples show that the GEM improves range estimation over the unprocessed data and a Wiener filter method by 75 and 26 respectively. In the laboratory experiment, the GEM improves range estimation by 34 and 18 over the unprocessed data and Wiener filter method respectively.
- Lasers and Masers
- Numerical Mathematics
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation