Chinese Oceanographic Research. Trends in Topical and Geographic Focus
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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Since the economic boom that started in the early 1990s, China has expanded its educational and scientific programs. Funds have increased rapidly for education and scientific research. From 1993 to 2006, enrollment of full-time students in universities and colleges increased from 924,000 to 5,400,000 the total number of students including part-time increased from 5,000,000 to 25,000,000 and the percentage of the enrolled full-time students in the 18-22 age group jumped from 5 to 22 Table 1. In the same time period, research funds for ocean sciences from the National Natural Science Foundation of China NSFC increased from 12.33 million Chinese yuan CNY supporting 58 projects to 40.05 million CNY supporting 141 projects. Similarly, NSFC funds for the geosciences increased from 105.31 to 351.38 CNY and the number of projects more than doubled Figs. 1 and 2. Universities, research institutes, and laboratories have been expanded or reorganized. Small colleges have been combined and upgraded into big universities. Along with these changes, the oceanographic community has been growing rapidly and new Chinese-language journals have been created.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography