Nonlinear Structuring and High-energy Electrons: Role in Ionosphere and in Thunderstorm Atmosphere Processes
Final technical rept. 1 Feb 2007-1 Feb 2010
RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES MOSCOW LEBEDEV INST
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This report results from a contract tasking P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute as follows The Project includes five Tasks 1. The modification of the magnetosphere by the controllable flow of fast electrons coming upwards from the artificially modified ionosphere. Theoretical investigation and the conception of the experimental program. 2. The formation of super-narrow ionosphere structures in ionosphere artificially modified by powerful radio waves in double-resonance conditions. The super-narrow structures serve for the strong scattering of UHF radio waves. Theoretical investigation and the conception of the experimental program. 3. The generation of powerful gamma emission, powerful bipolar radio pulses and optic emission from the high-altitude thunder discharges. Theoretical investigation, comparison with the existing observations and plans of future experiments. 4. High-energy particles in thunder phenomena. Experimental and theoretical investigation of intensive gamma emission, generation of HF and VHF radio waves, electric field, electric field variations. 5. Transformation of an extensive atmospheric shower in the thunder electric field intensive growth of electromagnetic component, namely of the high-energy electrons number, of gamma quanta and positrons number. Space enlargement of the shower. Experimental and theoretical investigation.
- Atmospheric Physics