Heat Engine With Finite Thermal Reservoirs and Nonideal Efficiency
NAVAL ACADEMY ANNAPOLIS MD DEPT OF PHYSICS
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The performance of an irreversible heat engine operating between two thermal reservoirs with finite, temperature-independent heat capacity is analyzed. For this purpose, a dynamic second-law efficiency is introduced and assumed to be constant. As the first-law efficiency increases from zero up to the Carnot limit, the common final temperature of the reservoirs interpolates between the arithmetic and geometric mean of their initial temperatures. The total output work and entropy change of the reservoirs are computed and related to the static efficiencies. The dynamic and static efficiencies are shown to be approximately equal to each other when the temperature of the cold reservoir is at least 10 of the temperature of the hot reservoir.
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