Accession Number:

ADA533902

Title:

The Temporal Morphology of Infrasound Propagation

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC SPACE SCIENCE DIV

Report Date:

2010-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

19.0

Abstract:

Expert knowledge suggests that the performance of automated infrasound event association and source location algorithms could be greatly improved by the ability to continually update station travel-time curves to properly account for the hourly daily, and seasonal changes of the atmospheric state. With the goal of reducing false alarm rates and improving network detection capability we endeavor to develop, validate, and integrate this capability into infrasound processing operations at the International Data Centre of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization. Numerous studies have demonstrated that incorporation of hybrid ground-to-space G2S environmental specifications in numerical calculations of infrasound signal travel time and azimuth deviation yields significantly improved results over that of climatological atmospheric specifications, specifically for tropospheric and stratospheric modes. A robust infrastructure currently exists to generate hybrid G2S vector spherical harmonic coefficients based on existing operational and empirical models on a real-time basis every 3- to 6-hours DROB et al., 2003. Thus the next requirement in this endeavor is to refine numerical procedures to calculate infrasound propagation characteristics for robust automatic infrasound arrival identification and network detection location, and characterization algorithms. We present results from a new code that integrates the local range-independent sp ray equations to provide travel time, range, turning point, and azimuth deviation for any location on the globe given a G2S vector spherical harmonic coefficient set.

Subject Categories:

  • Linguistics
  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
  • Operations Research
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE