Schistosomiasis Japonicum Involving the Liver and Colon
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD
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This case report reviews the general characteristics and life cycle, clinical presentation, typical imaging findings, and treatment of Schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis is a chronic infection caused by parasitic trematode worms that currently affects 200 million people in subtropical and tropical environments and is not an insignificant threat to deployed military members. Schistosomiasis infection in humans begins with cercariae penetration of the skin or buccal mucosal from a contaminated water source. Schistosome ova are subsequently deposited within the liver, gastrointestinal tract, and genitourinary tract and a granulomatous and fibrotic reaction ensues, resulting in a multisystemic and often nonspecific clinical manifestations. Schistosomiasis is major cause of portal hypertension worldwide and can potentially result in permanent gastrointestinal and urinary system damage if not appropriately treated.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research