Lethality-Model for HD 1.2/1.4 Ammunition Debris Throw due to an Explosion on a Vehicle
BIENZ KUMMER AND PARTNER LTD ZOLLIKERBERG (SWITZERLAND)
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In Switzerland, the risk-based safety concept is being introduced to the military transport of ammunition and explosives TAE in a pragmatic way. For economic reasons and matters of urgency the focus is on the safety assessment of transportation routes selected according to priorities, although there are no standardized methodology, technical manualsdirectives and comprehensive computer tools yet. Lacking risk analysis models are only being developed as far and deeply as necessary to get sensible results. One of the last such gaps is the hazard of non-massreacting ammunition debris throw due to the explosion of a part of the ammunition or explosives load on a vehicle. A literature review showed that no such models exist. Therefore, last year, the Staff of the Chief of the Swiss Armed Forces charged Bienz, Kummer Partner Ltd. to develop an adequate model for the calculation of the ammunition debris throw lethality from explosions on TAE-vehicles within a narrow financial and time frame. The paper is about the model, its basis and development. Data from tests e.g. CONEX-Containers and accidents was collected and evaluated. Based on these results and a simple engineering approach an applicable model for calculating lethalities was developed for ammunition debris from vehicles such as trucks and railway cars. It will add a new and important tool to the arsenal of the Swiss TAE risk analyst.
- Computer Programming and Software
- Safety Engineering
- Ammunition and Explosives