Two-Scale Modelling of Effects of Microstructure and Thermomechanical Properties on Dynamic Performance of an Aluminium Alloy
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE
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Influences of microstructure and properties of an aluminium alloy on resistance to dynamic perforation are predicted using a decoupled multi-scale modelling approach. At the scale of individual grains, a crystal plasticity model is developed accounting for finite elastic and plastic deformations, thermal softening and energy storage mechanisms linked to microscopic residual stress fields induced by line defects and second-phase particles. An averaging scheme is invoked to compute macroscopic stress-deformation responses corresponding to various microstructures. The results of the averaging process motivate choices of parameters entering a macroscopic plasticity model, with different parameter sets corresponding to different microstructures. This macroscopic model, with various parameter sets, is in turn used to simulate impact and perforation of a thin plate of the aluminium alloy by a cylindrical projectile. The results provide quantitative assessments of possible benefits of texturing, insertion of strengthening and energy storage mechanisms and enhancement of ductility on performance of the alloy.
- Metallurgy and Metallography
- Properties of Metals and Alloys