Hospitalization Associated with Traumatic Brain Injury in the Active Duty US Army: 2000-2006
DEFENSE AND VETERANS BRAIN INJURY CENTER WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
Objective to determine the potential impacts of Operation Enduring Freedom OEF and Operation Iraqi Freedom OIF on the incidence of TBI-related hospitalization in the active duty US Army. Methods All active duty Army personnel hospitalized with a TBI diagnosis during fiscal years 2000 through 2006 were identified in an administrative database. Annual crude incidence rates were calculated. Two-year adjusted incidence rates were calculated to compare TBI-related hospitalization rates in the Army to rates in the age-comparable segment of the US civilian population. Results The overall incidence of TBI-related hospitalization in the active duty Army increased 105 from FY2000 to FY2006. There was a 60-fold increase in the hospitalization rate for TBIs attributed to weapons. The increases in TBI hospitalizations coincided with the occurrence of OEFOIF. During OEFOIF, the Armys hospitalization rates for moderate and severe TBIs were lower than civilian rates however, the Armys hospitalization rate for mild TBIs was higher than civilian rates. Conclusion OEFOIF appear to have had a substantial impact on TBI-related hospitalization rates in the active duty US Army but differences between Army and civilian rates were not as excessive as expected.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research