Environmental Analysis of U.S. Navy Submarine Solid Waste Discharges. Report of Findings
NAVAL COMMAND CONTROL AND OCEAN SURVEILLANCE CENTER RDT AND E DIV SAN DIEGO CA
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International regulations negotiated through the International Maritime Organization IMO have imposed restrictions pertaining to pollution from vessels in international waters. Regulation 5 of Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 MARPOL 7378 prohibits the discharge of non-food solid wastes into oceanographic and ecological areas, known as Special Areas. These Special Areas include the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Wider Caribbean Region including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, the Antarctic area, the Black Sea, the Red Sea, and the Gulfs area including the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Currently, only the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the Antarctic areas are in force. The U.S. Congress, through provisions of the Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act MPPRC of 1987 and the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 DAA-94, required that the U.S. Navy come into full compliance with MARPOL 7378. The provisions called for compliance of all U.S. Navy surface ships in all enforced Special Areas by December 31,2000, and for submarines by December 31, 2008. Subsequently, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 DAA-97 modified the law to allow for the discharge of processed solid waste from Navy in Special Areas.
- Submarine Engineering
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control