Cavitary Lung Disease in an HIV-Positive Patient
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD DEPT OF RADIOLOGY
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We present the case of an HIV-positive patient who presents with radiographic and computed tomography findings of cavitary lung disease. There exists a broad differential diagnosis for pulmonary cavitary lesions in immunocompromised individuals. Key factors in narrowing down the differential include clinical setting, CD4 levels, and radiographic findings. Through awareness of the CT appearance of various entities, radiologists aid clinicians in distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions and in some cases obviate the need for transthoracic needle aspiration biopsy.
- Medicine and Medical Research