Military Power of the People's Republic of China
Annual rept. to Congress
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC
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Chinas rapid rise as a regional political and economic power with growing global influence has significant implications for the Asia-Pacific region and the world. The United States welcomes the rise of a stable, peaceful, and prosperous China, and encourages China to participate responsibly in world affairs by taking on a greater share of the burden for the stability, resilience, and growth of the international system. The United States has done much over the last 30 years to encourage and facilitate Chinas national development and its integration into the international system. However, much uncertainty surrounds Chinas future course, particularly regarding how its expanding military power might be used. The Peoples Liberation Army PLA is pursuing comprehensive transformation from a mass army designed for protracted wars of attrition on its territory to one capable of fighting and winning short-duration, high-intensity conflicts along its periphery against high-tech adversaries -- an approach that China refers to as preparing for local wars under conditions of informatization. The pace and scope of Chinas military transformation have increased in recent years, fueled by acquisition of advanced foreign weapons, continued high rates of investment in its domestic defense and science and technology industries, and far-reaching organizational and doctrinal reforms of the armed forces. Chinas ability to sustain military power at a distance remains limited, but its armed forces continue to develop and field disruptive military technologies, including those for anti-accessarea-denial, as well as for nuclear, space, and cyber warfare, that are changing regional military balances and that have implications beyond the Asia-Pacific region.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics