Symposium P: Three-Dimensional Architectures for Energy Generation and Storage
MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY WARRENDALE PA
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Conventional devices for energy generation and storage are typically designed and fabricated with two-dimensional multilayer structures of active and passive components. In recent years, researchers have recognized that marked improvements in performance can be achieved through the design and fabrication of materials and structures into three-dimensional 3D architectures. Three-dimensional battery architectures, for example, enable one to achieve high energy density without compromising high power density. For solar cells, the highest efficiency to date was achieved using a vertically integrated 3D structured tandem solar cell, in which a triple-junction design covered the full solar spectrum. It is also anticipated that other 3D architectures, particularly in the nanoscale domain, will provide the next breakthrough in solar cell technology. This symposium addressed the challenges in design, fabrication and materials that comprise 3D configurations for energy generation and storage.
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