Accession Number:

ADA527068

Title:

Polar Stratospheric Cloud Microphysical Properties Measured by the MicroRADIBAL Instrument on 25 January 2000 Above Esrange and Modeling Interpretation

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC E O HULBURT CENTER FOR SPACE RESEARCH

Report Date:

2003-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

13.0

Abstract:

The balloonborne microRADIBAL instrument is a radiometer that measures the radiance and polarization of the sunlight scattered by the atmosphere, gas, and aerosols in a horizontal plane in the near-infrared range. It was launched from Esrange, Sweden, on 25 January 2000 in the framework of the Third European Stratospheric Experiment on Ozone THESEO 2000 campaign, and performed measurements in the vicinity of a large polar stratospheric cloud PSC. The measurements provide diagrams of the radiance versus scattering angle at several altitudes. The aerosol signature, derived from the radiance measurements, has been modeled via Mie theory and the T-Matrix code. Three different size distributions of aerosols have been tested monomodal and bimodal size distributions of spherical particles, and bimodal size distributions including a mode of spherical and a mode of nonspherical particles. The best agreement between the measured and modeled signatures is obtained considering a bimodal size distribution composed by a mode of medium spherical particles median radius about 0.15 mm and a second mode of larger nonspherical particles median radius about 1.1 mm, aspect ratio about 0.6. Concentrations and surface densities of the PSC particles have been estimated. The existence of such particles has been tentatively explained using the Lagrangian Microphysical and Photochemical Lagrangian Stratospheric Model of Ozone MiPLaSMO model. On 25 January 2000 the polar stratospheric cloud detected by microRADIBAL is associated with a lee-wave event. Temperature perturbations due to lee-wave events were calculated using the National Research Laboratory Mountain Wave Forecast Model MWFM and have been included along trajectories. They are localized in a large region between the Norwegian mountains and Esrange. Their amplitude varies from 3 to 7 K. Detailed comparisons between measured and modeled surfaces and dimensional distributions of PSCs particles are achieved.

Subject Categories:

  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE