Accession Number:

ADA526826

Title:

Worldwide Emerging Environmental Issues Affecting the U.S. Military

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

FEDERATION OF UN ASSOCIATIONS WASHINGTON DC MILLENNIUM PROJECT

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2010-06-30

Pagination or Media Count:

265.0

Abstract:

The traditional nation-centered security focus is expanding to a global one due to geopolitical shifts, the effects of climate change, environmental and energy security issues, and growing global interdependencies. Environmental security-related concerns are becoming defining factors in international political and military negotiations. The transnational nature of environmental security is triggering new forms of defense strategies and cooperation. Multipolar global political, economic, and military power, the increasing demand on natural resources, economic turmoil, population growth, the deepening gap between those who could cope with the effects of climate change and those who could not, the accelerated rate of technological advancements, the growing strength of organized crime and terrorism, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction all fuel uncertainty about the future of international security. These changes are so fast and complex that it is increasingly difficult to design realistic long-term strategies and impossible for any single nation to manage these changes alone. Since conflict and environmental degradation exacerbate each other, unless they are addressed together, their scope and severity could expand. Environmental diplomacy increasingly contributes to confidence building, while nontraditional security issues-including environment, migration, and social development--have become standard aspects in security planning. The ability to identify environmental threats and crimes has been strengthened by increasingly powerful detection and monitoring technologies and by environmental jurisprudence supported by improved enforcement mechanisms. Environmental damages that people and organizations got away with in the past are less likely to escape exposure and punishment in the future.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE