Fish Oil Supplementation and Fatty Acid Synthase Expression in the Prostate: A Randomized Controlled Trial
OREGON HEALTH AND SCIENCE UNIV PORTLAND
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One in seven men over the age of 60 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Elucidation of early cellular changes that may predict progression to prostate cancer and the identification of factors that may inhibit or reverse these cellular changes would be of great clinical significance. Alteration of the fatty acid synthase FAS pathway is an early cellular change that has recently come under investigation. Overexpression of the lipogenic enzyme FAS has been noted in several tumor and pre-cancerous tissue types, including prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia PIN and prostate cancer and has been suggested as an independent predictor of disease stage. Additionally, inhibition of FAS has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis and reduce cell proliferation in cancer cells. Fatty acid synthase expression in cancer and normal cells is regulated by the transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 SREBP-1. The up-regulation of SREBP-1 in tumor cells results in increased FAS expression and fatty acid synthesis. Research on normal cells has demonstrated that dietary supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFA, particularly omega-3 fatty acids, inhibits SREBP-1 activation, resulting in a decreased transcription of FAS.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition