Application of a Non-linear Program to the Establishment of a Hub and Spoke System in Africa
Graduate research paper
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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Due to the increasing threat of terrorism, particularly from the Sahara region of Africa, as well as a result of the growing strategic importance of Africa to the United States, the United States established Africa Command AFRICOM. The mission of the Department of Defenses newest combatant command is to aid African development and promote regional security. However, this may not be an easy task, especially due to the lack of an effective and efficient transportation network on the continent. In order for AFRICOM to succeed, it will need to be able to effectively and efficiently transport personnel and goods across the continent. The lack of transportation infrastructure may make this a daunting and expensive task. But, there exists a solution to the problem. The Canadian Operational Support Command CANOSCOM developed a mixed integer non-linear programming model based on the Foreign Policy Index of Failed and Failing States that minimizes cost and resources to support their global operations. By applying this model to Africa, AFRICOM planners can determine the optimal number and location of hubs to support operations on the continent. The Failed and Failing states index provides a realistic baseline for where AFRICOM may be involved in future operations. The models capabilities and limitations are explored, and recommendations are made to assist AFRICOM in the use of the program to aid AFRICOM planners.
- Military Forces and Organizations