High Temperature/Solar Effects Testing on Various Munitions
ARMY COMBAT SYSTEMS TEST ACTIVITY ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The Persian Gulf War produced concerns about the safety and survivability of ammunition being stored in the desert of Southwest Asia SWA. The temperatures and solar intensity in SWA were reported to be greater than expected. The ammunition was being stockpiled in the only environment available on the sand and exposed to high temperatures and long daily periods of solar loading. The U.S. Army Combat Systems Test Activity USACSTA at Aberdeen Proving Ground is addressing these safety concerns by conducting a test program in support of Operation Desert Storm to determine the effects of high temperatures and intense solar loading on various types of ammunition. The program involves subjecting ammunition to a diurnal cycle simulating the severe temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation conditions measured during Saudi Arabian summer days. The test items are placed in solar chambers on a bed of sand and exposed for 30-, 60-, and 90-days. Following conditioning, a variety of laboratory and ballistic tests are performed to assess safety and performance.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
- Ammunition and Explosives