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Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China

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Annual rept.

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Over the past 30 years, China has made great progress in its pursuit of economic growth and development, which has allowed China to achieve higher living standards for the Chinese people and has increased Chinas international profile. These economic achievements, combined with progress in science and technology, have also enabled China to embark on a comprehensive transformation of its military. The pace and scope of Chinas military modernization have increased over the past decade, enabling Chinas armed forces to develop capabilities to contribute to the delivery of international public goods, as well as increase Chinas options for using military force to gain diplomatic advantage or resolve disputes in its favor. Earlier this decade, China began a new phase of military development by articulating roles and missions for the Peoples Liberation Army PLA that go beyond Chinas immediate territorial interests. Some of these missions and associated capabilities have allowed the PLA to contribute to international peacekeeping efforts, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and counterpiracy operations. The United States recognizes and welcomes these contributions. Other investments have allowed the PLA to pursue anti-access and area-denial strategies. Still others appear designed to improve the PLAs ability for extended-range power projection, although Chinas ability to sustain military power at a distance, today, remains limited. As the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review Report notes, China is developing and fielding large numbers of advanced medium-range ballistic and cruise missiles, new attack submarines equipped with advanced weapons, increasingly capable long-range air defense systems, electronic warfare and computer network attack capabilities, advanced fighter aircraft, and counter-space systems.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science

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