Future US Policy Toward the Reunification of Germany
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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Twenty years alter the end of World War II, there has not been a final peace settlement between the Allied Powers of World War II and Germany. This is so, not because of lack of interest or effort, but rather, because the Allied Powers have been unable to reach agreement upon the terms of a peace settlement. Meanwhile, Germany has been divided into two principal zones--an East Germany under Soviet influence and a West Germany with a Western orientation--while Berlin remains a divided city deep in Eastern Germany. The eastern part of Germany and East Prussia have been absorbed by Poland and the Soviet Union. None of this dismemberment of Germany has been legitimatized by a peace settlement which would determine Germanys rightful status and borders. The Cold War between East and West has often been focused upon the present division of Germany. This division has constituted, and will continue to constitute, a grave threat to peace in Europe. The Potsdam Conference seemed to offer some hope that the Allied Powers were in agreement for an eventual unification of Germany through democratic self-determination. Subsequent events have shown that the Soviet Union would settle only for Communist-oriented Germany, or failing in that, a Communist East Germany. Various compromise solutions, although they are not likely to be mutually satisfactory to both East and West, are worthy of future consideration. However, for the West, it appears that a continuation of present unification aims, in accordance with the Potsdam Proclamation, is the only acceptable course of action. In this setting, the United States should continue its adherence to its present German policy, although certain minor modifications seem to be in order.
- Government and Political Science