U.S.- Mexican Security Cooperation: The Merida Initiative and Beyond
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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In recent years, U.S.-Mexican security cooperation has increased significantly, largely as a result of the development and implementation of the M rida Initiative, a counterdrug and anticrime assistance package for Mexico and Central America that was first proposed in October 2007. With the recent approval of the FY2010 Supplemental Appropriations measure H.R. 4899, Congress has provided almost 1.8 billion for the M rida Initiative. Congress provided 248 million of that funding to Central America and included an additional 42 million for Caribbean countries. However, Congress has dedicated the vast majority of the fundsroughly 1.5 billionto support programs in Mexico, with an emphasis on training and equipping Mexican military and police forces engaged in counterdrug efforts. Escalating drug trafficking-related violence in Mexico and the increasing control that Mexican drug trafficking organizations DTOs have over the illicit drug market in the United States have focused congressional attention on the efficacy of U.S-Mexican efforts and related domestic initiatives in both countries. With funding for the original M rida Initiative technically ending in FY2010 and new initiatives underway for Central America and the Caribbean, the Obama Administration proposed a new four-pillar strategy for U.S.-Mexican security cooperation in its FY2011 budget request. That strategy focuses on 1 disrupting organized criminal groups 2 institutionalizing the rule of law 3 building a 21st century border and 4 building strong and resilient communities. The first two pillars largely build upon existing efforts, whereas pillars three and four broaden the scope of M rida Initiative programs to include new efforts to facilitate secure flows of people and goods through the U.S.-Mexico border and to improve conditions in violence-prone border cities. The Administrations FY2011 budget request includes 310 million for M rida programs in Mexico.
- Sociology and Law