Exporting Democracy to Haiti: A Military Perspective
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
Pagination or Media Count:
The United States democratization strategy since World War II demonstrates an estimated success rate of less than 3. America currently uses a counterinsurgency line of effort approach in democratization. This approach seeks to shape an environment that protects democratic behavior but fails to address a countrys democratic propensities, more specifically the potential of its attitudes and values with respect to democracy. A superior method is the path-dependent approach that seeks to exploit the potential of a countrys prevailing attitudes and values by harnessing its democratic propensities. This paper analyzes the American military interventions of Haiti in 1915, 1994, and 2004 from a path-dependent perspective to determine whether it could have enabled better results. The United States used a counterinsurgency line of effort approach to democratization during its first and second interventions in Haiti both resulted in a failure to affect Haitis democratic propensities. The United States used a hybrid path-dependent and counterinsurgency line of effort approach to democratization during its third intervention of Haiti resulting in a tangible enrichment of Haitis democratic propensities. The results suggest a path-dependent approach to stability operations has a better probability of success than the current approach used by the United States.
- Government and Political Science