MK 83 Warhead Effectiveness Tests
NAVAL SURFACE WARFARE CENTER PANAMA CITY FL
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The Coastal Systems Station has been tasked by the Naval Sea Systems Command NAVSEASYSCOM Program Engineering Office 407 PMO 407, Mine Warfare Systems, to develop Shallow Water Mine Countermeasure SWMCM systems that will clear mines and obstacles in a lane from the sea onto the high water mark on the beach at the beginning of an amphibious assault. One of these SWMCM projects, Obstacle Breaching System OBS, is tasked to remove all man-made and natural obstacles in-stride at the beginning of an amphibious assault. The Obstacle Breaching System Project first evaluated existing munition systems already in the Department of Defense DoD inventory and concluded that the Mk 83 Bomb in the Air Inflatable Retarder AIR configuration held the most promise to explosively clear obstacles in a lane. Mk 83 Warheads were obtained and statically tested on land and in the water at Eglin Air Force Base AFB in Fort Walton Beach, Florida from March 17 to December 1, 1993. The test results are described in the Mk 83 Final Test Report, dated June 1994. The purpose of the Mk 83 Warhead Effectiveness Tests were to determine the kill radius of the Mk 83 bomb against various obstacle types on land and in the water, verify, previous analysis and modeling of the Mk 83s effectiveness in obstacle clearance, and to determine cratering effects of a Mk 83 detonation.
- Ammunition and Explosives