Strategic Culture -- How It Affects Strategic "Outputs"
MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA
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The concept of strategic culture has been defined in various ways at both the strategic and operational levels. Throughout the literature, three common elements of strategic culture have emerged 1 strategic culture provides a value system in the context of strategic decision making 2 this value system is held by a specific community and 3 the outputs security policy, doctrine, etc. of this community are affected by strategic culture. The sources of a particular communitys strategic culture include geography, history, the world view of the regime religion, ideology, culture, economic factors, and the organization of government and military institutions. Analysis of U.S. strategy reveals a uniquely American strategic culture. This strategic culture has resulted in three discernible consequences for U.S. strategy 1 U.S. strategists have fostered a strong problem-solving ethic 2 it is the tendency for defense policy makers to seek refuge in technology and 3 the ironic consequence of American strategic culture is an absence of strategic thinking. U.S. strategic outputs National Security Strategy, Service doctrine, National Military Strategy, etc. generally reflect the characteristics of American strategic culture as described in this study. Consequently, the study affirms that strategic culture is a valid concept.
- Government and Political Science
- Humanities and History
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics