Development of a New Australian Defence Force Fresh Food Provisioning Scale (SUPMAN 4/NAVSUPMAN 5 Review)
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION VICTORIA (AUSTRALIA) HUMAN PROTECTION AND PERFORMANCE DIV
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ADF members are fed according to the entitlements stipulated in SUPMAN 4 and NAVSUPMAN 5. The entitlements are aimed at meeting the worst case situation, the nutritional requirements of young, active, males. Because not all ADF members are equally active, and females generally have lower nutritional requirements than males, there is the potential for more food to be made available than is needed. DSTO was requested to devise ration scales that more efficiently satisfy the demonstrated nutritional requirements of ADF members. The results of doubly-labelled water studies to determine the energy expenditures of ADF members were used to devise Military Recommended Dietary Intakes MRDIs applicable to four sub-groups of ADF members-adult males, adult females, adolescent males and adolescent femalesalso taking into account five levels of physical activity. An adaptation of a program used to assess the draft Nutrient Reference Values NRVs for Australia and New Zealand was then used to determine food entitlements to meet the MRDIs. The revised ration scales provide 12.5, 14.5, 16.5, 19.5 and 25 MJ per person per day respectively for five activity categories denoted Level 1 to 5, respectively. The basic scale meets the energy requirement for troops working at Level 1, and the micronutrient requirements of troops working at Level 1, 2, 3 and 4. Additional food is provided in the form of 1-MJ food modules which can be issued as Morning Tea, Afternoon Tea andor Supper. The new ration scales will ensure that troops are fed according to their nutritional requirements. This has the potential to reduce wastage and to impact positively on nutritional status of ADF members, including reduced levels of overweightobesity, together with the flexibility to allow caterers to better meet the nutritional requirements of the group of defence personnel being fed.
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition
- Military Forces and Organizations