Microtubule-Associated Protein Expression and Predicting Taxane Response
Annual rept. 15 Sep 2008-14 Sep 2009
YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT
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Taxanes are microtubule targeting agents MTAs and potent cytotoxic molecules recognized as highly effective chemotherapeutic agents. In large randomized clinical trials, taxane-based chemotherapies provided benefits in overall and disease-free survival, but they are accompanied by significant adverse effects. Thus the clinical utility of taxane therapy would be enhanced if there were companion diagnostic tests so that only the taxane-sensitive patients about half of breast cancers could be treated with this drug. Accumulating evidence indicates that microtubule associated proteins MAPs may be responsible for tumor cell resistance to taxanes. Our results indicate that MAP-tau functions as a prognostic factor in both the Yale cohort and the TAX 307 cohort with high MAP-tau expression associated with longer overall survival and TTP. Tau does NOT behave as a predictor of response to taxane-based chemotherapy since differences between low and high MAP-tau groups by treatment arm and response rate were not observed in the TAX 307 clinical trial cohort. Our data supports the use of MAP-tau as a prognostic marker, but does not support its use as a singular predictive factor for response to docetaxel. We have also evaluated the microtubule destabilizer, stathmin, and found high expression is associated with worse outcome. Since stathmin expression is useful in predicting survival, it may serve as marker to accurately select patients for current taxane-based or other anti-microtubule therapies in combination with a microtubule stabilizer such as MAP-tau.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research