Predicting Eddy Detachment from Thin Jets
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE
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Using a semi-geostrophic, reduced gravity thin jet model, we analytically study the evolution of initial meanders into pinched-off rings. The model used is similar to the path equation developed by Flierl and Robinson 1984 for vertically coherent meanders. However, in the present model, the meanders are baroclinic, and a stretching term arises due to the motion of the interface. It can be shown that the equation governing the time-dependent meander of this jet Pratt, 1988 can be transformed into the Modified Korteweg- deVries MKdV equation in intrinsic coordinates. The MKdV equation admits two types of solitary wave solutions, loop solitons and breathers. The breathers are permanent meanders which propagate on the path, and some are able to form rings. Using the inverse scattering transform, we can predict breather and ring formation for simple initial meanders. The inverse scattering transform is applied to S and Q shaped meanders with piecewise constant and continuous curvature. S shaped meanders, or steps, must be multi-valued to form breathers, and must have very steep angles in order to form rings. Due to integral constraints, Q shaped meanders, or lobes, are unable to pinch together to form rings unless they are wide enough so that the two side flanks of the lobe act as two independent steps. The numerical solutions indicate that the breathers predicted by the inverse scattering is a very good approximation to the full solution.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Fluid Mechanics