Pre- and Post-Test Calculations for the Alvdalen 5000-kg Tests
MAXWELL LABS INC LA JOLLA CA S-CUBED DIV
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In support of the 5000-kg test performed by the KLOTZ Club in the summer of 1989 at Alvdalen, Sweden, S-CUBED undertook a series of calculational simulations using our second-order hydrocode, SHARC. These simulations included a two-dimensional, rigid-wall calculation of the interior and two three-dimensional calculations of the exterior. Drag-sensitive particles were included in the interior calculation to simulate the steel-plate fragments and 155-mm shells used in the test as artificial debris. Cross-sectional area measurements from the tunnel interior were used to incorporate wall irregularities in the calculation corresponding to actual measurements. Two versions of the exterior calculation were completed. One included the 7-m high berm in front of the tunnel exit the other was done without the berm. Both of these included a representation of exterior terrain features. The exterior calculations were continued until the shock had traveled to a range of more than 100 m from the tunnel opening. Because the results of the pre-test calculations did not agree as well as had been expected with the experimental data, the interior calculation and a portion of the exterior calculation with berm were repeated after the test. Results from these calculations are shown, and comparisons with experimental data are made where they are available. Suggestions are made which may improve calculational experimental correspondence in the future.