Measuring the Effectiveness of Border Security Between Ports of Entry
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
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Strategic planning is necessary if the U.S. Department of Homeland Security DHS is to carry out its border-security missions effectively and efficiently. As part of that, DHS leadership must define concrete and sensible objectives and measures of success. These can be used to assess results along the way, to guide allocation of resources, and to inform programming and budgeting for future capabilities and functions. The U.S. Coast Guard USCG, Customs and Border Protection CBP, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement ICE have each developed measures to support their own operational planning and evaluation processes. Many of these measures are viewed by the DHS components to be useful for these purposes. However, the department is interested in continuing the development of its measures as a way to better inform its decisionmaking processes across the department. For instance, DHS has stated that CBPs measure of miles of border under effective control is in need of continued development in order to better evaluate border-security efforts in the land domain DHS, 2008. USCG, in contrast, evaluates border control in the sea domain by measuring the probability of interdicting drugs and migrants, a method that could also be employed in the land domain. Thus, the DHS Office of Program Analysis and Evaluation asked RAND Corporation for research and recommendations on ways to measure the overall efforts of the national border-security enterprise between ports of entry.
- Civil Defense