The Smarter Way to Plan for Deployment of Forces for Humanitarian Operations
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
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The U.S. Department of Defense has recently responded to a large number of humanitarian assistancedisaster response HADR operations. Because of the nature of HADR events, response agencies have an extremely limited amount of time to prepare crisis action plans for them. As such, a difficult balancing act emerges for the commander who is supporting the operation. Current methods of deploying DoD forces for HADR operations are the Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data TPFDD method and the Request for Forces RFF method. An objective analysis of current planning documents in support of HADR operations as well as lessons learned from recent HADR operations Operation Unified Assistance to tsunami victims in 2005 and the DoD response to Hurricanes Rita and Katrina illustrates that neither the TPFDD method nor the RFF method is the perfect solution to deployment planning for these operations. This paper outlines a smarter way of planning for the deployment of forces in HADR operations. Given the lessons garnered from previous HADR operations and the inherently limited time available to plan and execute these operations, all supporting HADR plans should include an initial deployment framework to expedite the complex processes of correctly and efficiently sourcing and deploying DoD forces. This framework would allow operational commanders to use the flexibility of the RFF method and the robustness, in-transit visibility, and structure of the TPFDD method to greatly reduce the time necessary to execute deployment of DoD forces in support of HADR operations. In these crisis events, any increase in the effectiveness of the response by DoD forces ultimately saves innocent lives.
- Administration and Management
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Unconventional Warfare